In 1991 Philip Zimmermann created and freely distributed Pretty Good Privacy (PGP), the most popular email encryption software in the world even all these years later. A PGP-encrypted message masks an email’s content using public-key cryptography, allowing only the recipient to read it. The United States Customs Service started a criminal investigation against Zimmermann, citing a possible violation of arms trafficking export controls.
Conduct research to locate more information about this case. Write a one page synopsis of the case involving the creation of PGP by Phillip Zimmermann. Why was an investigation conducted? How did the message become encrypted? Conclude with a one to two page analysis of the ethical implications. Was Zimmermann justified in his creation? What are the dangers of his creation?