U.S. trade patterns

 This assignment is intended to help you learn to do the following:

Summarize U.S. trade patterns.

Explain how trade increases total output. Explain how the terms of trade are established. Describe how trade barriers affect market outcomes.

Describe how currency exchange rates affect trade flows. Overview Review the section of your text that covers international trade.

In addition, find and read two recent articles on international trade and U.S. trading partners.

Write a 500-750 word (approximately 2 to 3 page) paper that addresses these questions: How has international trade changed over time? What are some of the trade agreements the US has with other countries? Do you feel they are beneficial to the countries? Support your conclusions with the findings from the articles and the textbook as well as any other sources you would like to use. Format the paper according to General APA Guidelines. You do not need to include an abstract but you must include a title page and a references page.

 

These pages are not included in your word/page count.

Summarize U.S. trade pattern

Free Market
Economic system in which prices are determined by unrestricted competition between privately owned businesses.

Regional Trade Agreements
Reciprocal trade agreements between two or more partners. They include free trade agreements and customs unions.

GATT
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade: a legal agreement between many countries, whose overall purpose was to promote international trade by reducing or eliminating trade barriers such as tariffs or quotas. Lasted from 1948 to 1994, when it was replaced by WTO

WTO
World Trade Organisation who oversee world trade and intervene in any disputes

Recession
A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters. As seen globally in 2008-9 in the financial crisis

G7 countries
The Group of Seven is a group consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The European Union is also represented at the G7 summit.

Trade domination
Is by a few economic blocs such as Europe, North America and East Asia

Trade in merchandise
Increased from ~$10.8 trillion in 2005 to $16.5 trillion in 2015

Trade in Services
Increased from ~$2.5 trillion in 2005 to ~$4.7 trillion in 2015

Asia, Europe and North America
have accounted for 88% in total merchandise trade of WTO members over the past ten years.

The share of developing economies
In merchandise exports increased from 33% in 2005 to 42% in 2015.

Africa
Area with lowest amounts of Intra regional trade

Asia and Europe
Areas with largest amounts of intra regional trade

Intra Regional trade
Happens when trade in goods and services happens inside a specific region of the world economy such as sub-Saharan Africa or the member nations of the European Union

FDI
Foreign Direct Investment, an investment made by a firm or individual in one country into business interests located in another country

FDI in 2016
Was greatest in Europe, North America and Developing Asian economies according to UNCTAD

Fair trade
A trading partnership that seeks greater equity in international trade. It contributes to sustainable development by offering better trading conditions to, and securing the rights of, marginalized producers and workers

 

U.S. TRADE PATTERNS
Summarize U.S. trade patterns. Explain how trade increases total output. Explain how the terms of trade are established. Describe how trade barriers affect market outcomes.

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