Turner Syndrome is named for endocrinologist Henry Turner who first described the disease in 1939, though it had been described earlier by European doctors.  Students assigned to the task of writing a research paper on Turner Syndrome should begin by describing the condition.  Sources on Turner Syndrome will show that the condition, present in about 1 of 2000 live births, is an absence or abnormality of one X chromosome in females. The disease may be diagnosed at any time – even prenatally with genetic testing.  Research papers on Turner Syndrome may list other tests that may be performed for diagnosis such as echocardiogram, pelvic exams, and testing for blood hormone levels.,While researching other papers on Turner Syndrome, students will find that the disease is characterized by absent or incomplete development at puberty, short height, neck webbing and infertility.  Patients with Turner Syndrome are also at a higher risk of dying from heart disease and may be at higher risk of developing diabetes and kidney disorders.  Cognitive deficits may also be present in those suffering from Turner Syndrome.  ,No research paper on Turner Syndrome will be complete without reporting on treatments for the condition.  Growth hormone may be given to increase height and estrogen replacement therapy given at age 12 to 13 may help in the development of breasts and pubic hair.  Modern fertility treatments are helping more and more Turner Syndrome patients to complete pregnancies, however, pregnancy may increase the risk of death by cardiovascular disease.  With careful monitoring by a physician, Turner Syndrome patients may be expected to live a normal life.

Research Papers on Turner Syndrome

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