Nursing Leadership styles, traits, and practices as a nursing professional
Nursing, considered to be a profession that holds the key to patient safety, is a human-focused profession. It is vital to explore nursing Leadership styles, traits, and practices as a nursing professional. According to Cope& Murray (2017) where leadership is a core competence for nurses at all levels. Recent developments across the field of management and organizational behavior acknowledge several forms of leadership styles like autocratic, laissez-faire, democratic, transactional, transformational, situational, and service leadership all of which exist amongst nurse leaders and nurse executives.
As such, Durmus and Kirca(2019) opine that nurses must work together within their groups and collaborate with other healthcare professionals necessitating the need for effective leadership. Every trained nurse should therefore be aware of their leadership style to effectively deliver their mandate as leaders. Consequently, this presentation targets to identify democratic/participative leadership as my leadership style and then compare it with the personal leadership of the other group members.
It then concludes by highlighting son why every nurse should beware of their leadership style, traits, and practices. Cornell (2020), discusses those in nursing leadership and management roles have a variety of leadership types to pick from. Few models are more successful than others, so think about which one would work better on the squad. The most successful nurse management models recognize that working as a team benefits both the nursing staff and the patients.
Nursing Leadership styles, traits, and practices as a nursing professional
Transformational Leadership style -(Nursing Leadership Styles)
Transformational leadership supports nursing and workplace benefits such as job satisfaction, organizational engagement, efficiency, and turnover by activities and habits (Cornell, 2020).
- Motivates employees to take ownership
- Mobilizes people to get work done
- Develops excellent rapport
- Clear communication
- Promotes overall vision and mission of the organization to team
- Provides a healthy environment for staffs
- Improves staff satisfaction, patient satisfaction, and staff retention
Leadership Traits for Effective Communication
According to Devenport (2021), Both internal and external listeners are affected by how the leader expresses his or her vision. In other words, the level of leadership decides the overall quality of the company. Leaders and their success can be influenced significantly by strategic communicators. It is becoming particularly necessary for health care providers and patients to apply advanced expertise and skills to interprofessional health care teams in order to solve emerging health care issues. Team participants, on the other hand, must be made aware of the coordination requirements of serving on a healthcare team. Members of the team should be able to use strategic collaboration to provide valuable insight on complex healthcare decisions, contribute to team-based care management, and improve health outcomes. Each member of the healthcare team should bring to the table specific expertise, information, and skills that will aid in the successful delivery of care and the improvement of health.
- Accountability – Its leader’s responsibility to step up for ownership
- Integrity – healthy leader possesses a healthy conscience.
- Expertise – knowledge, and attributes to perform successfully, and it is a powerful component of a heal
- Empathizethy organizational culture
- Transparency – Willingness to be open
Democratic Leadership Style. (Nursing Leadership Styles)
Democratic leadership entails including all members in the decision-making process (Al Khajeh, 2018). Participative leadership is another name for it. When you lead a team with a democratic leadership style, you allow others to participate in debates, voice their opinions, and engage in open conversations. Then you combine all of their feedback to arrive at a consensus, which you then describe to the audience. As a political official, you assist your subordinates in setting targets, assessing their efficiency, and motivating them to advance. Democratic leaders encourage thoughts to circulate openly while maintaining power and direction. They recognize members of the team who will contribute to the decision-making process. They also instill in their peers a sense of respect and confidence. The traits of a democratic leader include courage, creativity, intelligence, and fairness.
- Democratic leadership entails including all members in the decision-making process
- When you lead a team with a democratic leadership style, you allow others to participate in debates, voice their opinions, and engage in open conversations.
- Democratic leaders encourage thoughts to circulate openly while maintaining power and direction.
Servant Leadership. (Nursing Leadership Styles)
According to Larry spears and Robert Greenleaf, servant leadership is described as leadership motivated by a desire to serve instead of lead. Helping others comes before leading them, according to this description. Larry Spears, for one, described servant leadership as a combination of four characteristics: serving others, developing a sense of the community work holistic approach, and power sharing. According to this concept, a servant leader does not hold something to themselves but instead attempts to reach out to everyone to get everyone considered in creating choices that concern them.
- According to Larry spears and Robert Greenleaf, servant leadership is described as leadership motivated by a desire to serve instead of lead.
- Helping others comes before leading them, according to this description.
The concept of leadership is an essential function in management, crucial to achieving efficiency and set goals. The definition of leadership has changed over time from concentrating on the top management to considering the lower management levels. This essay discusses the principles of servant leadership, qualities, and their support for inter-professional communication in the context of patient care. Leadership styles, traits, and practices as a nursing professional.
Servant leadership refers to leaders as those who see themselves as servants, being under the will of others. In the modern context, servant leadership constitutes ten principles first developed by Greenleaf and later distilled by Larry Spears. These principles include; listening, empathy, awareness, persuasion, conceptualization, foresight, stewardship, commitment to people’s development, and building community (Waterman, 2011). Contextually, this type of leadership focuses on meeting the need of the subordinates. In this sense, subordinates are seen as ends rather than means to realize their ability and perform optimally. Therefore, the servant leadership approach is found when leaders foster respect, value, and motivate followers hence should be included as Leadership styles, traits, and practices as a nursing professional
Characteristics of Servant Leadership
- The desire of a leader to listen to the followers is one of the distinguishing characteristics of servant leadership.
- Listening, rather than communicating, is more critical to servant leaders
- They then consider how they would support the followers in reaching their total capacity at work.
Benefits of Integrating Tenets of Servant Leadership
Those in positions of leadership should think about the servant leadership model. Employee empowerment will be influenced by servant leadership. It encourages nurses to strive for greater heights in the area of nursing. To inspire workers, servant leaders focus on persuasion rather than power and authority. Employees can complete assignments because they want to, thanks to the power of persuasion. When leaders utilize their position of authority to manipulate subordinates to do something, it often destroys their friendship and leads to employee revolt. The leader who abuses power to sway staff is unlikely to earn the loyalty of his or her subordinates. Once they lose confidence, they will ultimately lose control of their team. Employees would regard anyone who utilizes persuasion with confidence and view them as trustworthy.
- Those in positions of leadership should think about the servant leadership model.
- It encourages nurses to strive for greater heights in the area of nursing.
- To inspire workers, servant leaders focus on persuasion rather than power and authority.
Servant Leadership Qualities
Two servant leadership qualities that are consistent with inter-professional communication in healthcare delivery include active listening and empathy. Active listening is crucial for communication in hospital management (Jahromi et al., 2016). Appropriate listening facilitates fast and quick solutions to arising clinical issues presented by the patient or medical personnel. On the other hand, empathy enables a nurse leader to understand the patients or medical personnel and their concerns by paying personal attention to feelings and emotions (Moudatsou et al., 2020). Therefore, empathy is crucial for managing patient-physician-managers relationships in a clinical setting.
In sum, servant leaders play crucial roles in the development and growth of an organization. In healthcare, servant leaders understand the feeling and concerns of others, including patients and medical staff. Therefore, servant leaders in healthcare can create a suitable clinical environment through listening and empathy, thus, quality care delivery.
How servant leaders can lead others to address unique healthcare challenges
Servant leaders prioritize their followers’ needs. They focus on developing individuals because they understand that empowering the employees is critical in solving emerging complex healthcare challenges. They believe in servitude and making their followers feel heard and valued. Their decisiveness, good communication skills, and active listening make their followers want to engage more in helping the organization (Cottey & McKimm, 2019). They invite diverse perspectives, which are key in addressing healthcare issues. They understand that different points of view lead to the best-integrated solution to a problem. Servant leaders are situationally aware of how individual actions affect others. They understand individuals’ strengths and weaknesses and seek how they can make people successful.
Employees under servant leadership are more likely to perform better because of the nurturing and encouragement they receive. Acknowledgment and encouragement are more effective than punishment and negative feedback and make employees more willing to make meaningful contributions towards problem-solving. A historical example of a servant leader is Nelson Mandela. Humble and passionate for his people and their problems, he often put himself at risk by taking to the streets, enduring harsh conditions to speak up for the people. He was determined and selfless, the core attributes of a servant leader.
- Servant leaders are all about others.
- Those who understand their personal leadership traits can effectively empower health care teams to address emerging issues and challenges.
- Servant leadership traits include:
- Active listening
Servant leadership strategies
Servant leaders that understand their personal leadership traits can best apply them at an organization to address challenges. Servant leaders are not bosses and consider themselves stewards guiding and focusing on people’s well-being, including the resources needed to achieve goals.
They perceive other employees as partners and not afraid to work alongside them. They take responsibility for things happening in the company, which encourages accountability by other employees. They lead by demonstrating the principles, behaviors, and values they want to see in their followers.
They build a strong trust between everyone, making it easy for people to work together and share opinions to solve problems (Seto & Sarros, 2016). They encourage people to be forward thinkers and welcome feedback to improve performance. They foster continuous employee growth and development, which translates to better outcomes.
For instance, Mother Teresa dedicated her life to servitude and had clear motives to help others. She did not seek personal recognition, yet she influenced and led significant changes to the health and well-being of many poor people. The desire to help others and the selfless attitude make her a great servant leader that many people consider a miracle.
There are different strategies servant leaders can utilize to lead others into addressing current and emerging health challenges.
Servant leaders at the workplace can:
- Lead by example
- Cultivate trust
- Create a collaborative environment
- Arouse forward-thinking
- Cultivate accountability
- Facilitate continuous improvement
Charismatic leaders tend to have a clear vision, expressed ideologically to create a better future. They have an extraordinary convincing power to make people believe in their vision and its importance. These leaders take high personal risks and are ready to succeed at any cost in self-sacrifice (Veiss, 2016). They make realistic assessments of the constraints and resources available to address a challenge or crisis. Charismatic leaders respect other people’s abilities and are aware and responsive to other people’s needs and feelings. They engage in novel behaviors and counter the norms to achieve the vision. Their strategies are accustomed, and they hold shared assumptions with their followers. These leaders use consistent communication strategies to engage unconventionally with their followers to focus on the solution rather than the status quo. These unconventional strategies enable the leaders to connect emotionally, intellectually, and physically with the employees.
Characteristics of Charismatic Leaders
- Vision and articulation
- Sensitive to employees’ needs
- Sensitive to the environment
- Unconventional behavior
- Associated with high level of satisfaction and performance among employees
- Ideological components, highly influential in times of crisis
Charismatic leadership traits
- Role modeling
- Image building
- Showing confidence
- Goal articulation
- Arouse motives
Importance of Nursing Professionals Being Aware of Their Personal Leadership Style, Traits, and Practices-
Nurse professionals should be aware of their leadership style, traits, and practices because leadership in the health care sector motors innovation and adapting to existing situations.
Leadership in healthcare settings calls for a multidimensional approach where an individual motivates others.
The leader sets the goals of the group, exerts influence, and directs the members to align with the identified goals.
Awareness of these traits and practices creates dynamism, passion, and adequate motivation thus inspiring others (Sfantou et al., 2017).
Nurses at all levels are leaders responsible for guiding the community in patient care and education, clinical management, and effective communication.
Contemporary healthcare practice recognizes evidence-based medicine and evidence-based nursing as necessary tools in the establishment of effective healthcare facilities that are highly productive and offer quality care courtesy of their leadership. When a nurse professional is aware of their leadership style, it enhances the behavior of directing and coordinating the activities of the group members. As such, the essence of leadership is to have a multidimensional approach that motivates those who have made a choice to follow the leader. The leader sets the goals, exerts the necessary influence, and directs the members to align themselves with the set goals. As Sfantou et al. (2017) note, awareness of one’s leadership traits and practices generates dynamism, passion, and adequate motivation to inspire others. Most importantly, this awareness ensures that nurses at all levels execute their leadership mandate of guiding the community in patient care and education, clinical management, and effective communication.
Regardless of one’s leadership style, every nurse leader should also display integrity, critical thinking, communication, and professionalism.
Democratic /participative leadership has its strengths that like servant leadership inspires individual nurses to endeavor to deliver quality services at optimal capacity.
Awareness of one’s leadership style, traits, and practices generates positive energy that promotes dynamism, passion, and effective communication between patients, nurses, and healthcare staff in general.