Identify and record 2 electronic databases and explain why these databases are relevant to your research topic/question.

reflect on to identify a research question that you wish to explore further and to develop a review protocol/strategy in relation to the research question. This assignment/review protocol is linked with your next course NURS 3046 Nursing Project.
Objectives being assessed

Assessment #2 – Review protocol/strategy (2800 words) (60%) (Graded)
This assignment requires you to reflect on clinical nursing practice to identify a research question that you wish to explore further and to develop a review protocol/strategy in relation to the research question. This assignment/review protocol is linked with your next course NURS 3046 Nursing Project.
Objectives being assessed
• Explain the relationship between knowledge, research and practice
• Explain the process of identifying a research question
• Apply the research process to develop a research protocol/strategy
• Apply a critical approach to reviewing the literature
Task
• Develop a research question from ONE of the health themes provided below
• Apply the PICO or PIO format to the research question
• Develop inclusion and exclusion criteria
• Develop a search strategy to direct a search of relevant electronic health databases to locate specific research articles related to your research question.
• Implement the search strategy in the two selected electronic databases.
• Identify and record 5 research articles relevant to your research question.
Health Themes
• Mothers and babies
• Children and families
• Acute care settings
• Older people
• Mental health
• Rural and remote health
• Indigenous health
Assignment Format
You should present your assignment using the following headings and ensure that you address each point described under each heading.
Background (1000 words)
– Based upon the health theme you have chosen, state your research question including the Population, Intervention, Comparison and Outcomes (PICO) OR Population, Issue and Outcomes (PIO).
– Explain how your research question is important to patient care, nursing practice, professional knowledge or research.
Methods
Inclusion and exclusion criteria (800 words)
– Develop and describe the inclusion and exclusion criteria relevant to your selected question.
– Justify why the inclusion and exclusion criteria you have identified are appropriate (in terms of study design, participants/population, intervention or issue, outcomes).
Search strategy (Total 1000 words equivalent)
– Identify and record 2 electronic databases and explain why these databases are relevant to your research topic/question.
– From your research question, identify and record key words that you will use in your search of these 2 electronic databases.
– Develop and record a simple search strategy relevant to your research question using the keywords in addition to truncation, abbreviations, wildcards and Boolean operators.
– Implement the search strategy in the two selected databases and identify and list 5 relevant research articles (using UniSA Harvard referencing) that will enable you to answer your research question.
Please note that the you will be using the 5 articles that you have identified and listed in Nursing Project, which follows this course.
Please note that you should use correct referencing using UniSA Harvard referencing system.
Re-submission
Please note: Re-submission is NOT available for this assessment.
Feedback form
The feedback form for this assessment is located at Learnonline Course site.
Analysing the assessment instructions
For longer assessment questions you need to consider a number of requirements and how these come together in your final assignment. If you are having trouble understanding what you are being asked to do, the following strategies can help you:
• Read all of the assessment information to get an overview of what is expected. You will probably need to read it a few times before it is clear in your mind.
• Explain what is required to another person or discuss the details (this can help you to understand it better).
• Draw a diagram or flow chart of how the question and its parts fit together.
• Go back to the instructions as you are preparing and writing the assignment to check if you are keeping on track with answering it.
Step 1: Identify the task words
Task words are words which tell you what you need to do (e.g. identify, analyse, outline, discuss).
There may be a number of task words that you need to consider. Underline the task words on the assessment information and check that you understand the meaning. You can use the ‘Commonly used task works’ list or a dictionary to help you. Did you find the following task words?
• develop
• apply
• implement
• identify and record
What do they mean in relation to the assessment and what you have to do?
Step 2: Identify the content words
Content words are words which tell you what you need to (i.e. the content area). Read the assessment instructions again and underline the content words.
To find the content words, use the task words and add ‘what?’ For example:
• develop what? a research question from one of the health themes provided
• apply what? PICO or PIO to the research question
• develop what? inclusion and exclusion criteria
• develop what? a search strategy
• implement what? the search strategy in two electronic databases
• identify and record what? 5 research articles
Step 3: Identify the limits
What words limit the content or focus of your discussion?
• use one of the health themes provided
• use two electronic databases
• find 5 relevant articles
What limit is there on the structure and layout?
• must use the assignment format and headings provided
• must use Harvard referencing UniSA style
What is the word limit?
• 2800 words (see assessment instructions for breakdown of words required)

Step 4: Check the marking criteria
Read the marking criteria and assessment objectives to gain further understanding of what you will be assessed on. Refer back to these as your prepare your assignment.
Developing your research question
• Make sure you have worked through Topics 4, 5A, 5B & 5C of your Foundations of Research course site. These topics specifically focus on how to develop your research question and prepare for your assignment.
• For more information on developing research questions, use the library guide on Evidence-Based Practice: http://unisa.libguides.com/content.php?pid=360124&sid=2945046
Example Topic
The following provides an example topic that we will use to work through the steps for your assignment:
Suggested scenario/background information on the topic
Falls management in a residential aged care facility have risen by 50% in the last 6 months. The facility now needs to examine the existing intervention/introduce an intervention that will reduce the number of falls by 30% over the next 3 months.
After looking at the national standards in relation to falls the nurses have decided to investigate the effectiveness of a pharmacology intervention such as bone density conservation agents compared with a balance strengthening intervention such as tai chi.
Example research question
In older adults living in a residential aged care facility are bone density conservation agents more effective than balance strengthening in reducing falls?
Planning your search
Finding information
Library resources can be accessed via:
• Catalogue – Search for library resources such as books, journals and DVDs, in print or electronic format. You can also use it to find the titles of individual journal articles.
• Subject Guides –a starting point – guides to finding information on specific topics, e.g. Nursing and midwifery
• Databases – A Library database is an index to scholarly information such as journal articles, conference papers etc. It may also contain full text. Academics look for quality references in your essays – these are best found from databases
Peer review
View the video Scholarly Sources Explained to learn why scholarly sources are important to use for your assignments, and how you can identify them.
Take a look at the video Peer review in 5 minutes
You need to find peer reviewed articles for your assignment. How do you find out? Read the How to…find peer reviewed journal articles guide.
Once you understand what information you need to find then the next steps are to:
• Identify the concepts
• Find suitable keywords for each concept
• Use connectors to combine the concepts and key words
• Evaluate your results
Example Topic
Suggested scenario
Falls management in a residential aged care facility have risen by 50% in the last 6 months. The facility now needs to examine the existing intervention/introduce an intervention that will reduce the number of falls by 30% over the next 3 months.
After looking at the national standards in relation to falls the nurses have decided to investigate the effectiveness of a pharmacology intervention such as bone density conservation agents compared with a balance strengthening intervention such as tai chi.
Example question
In older adults living in a residential aged care facility are bone density conservation agents more effective than balance strengthening in reducing falls?
PICO analysis
P – older adults in a residential aged care facility
I – bone density conservation agents
C – balance strengthening
O – reduced falls
Concepts
In assignments/topics there are
• task words
• concepts
Before you start searching it is important to work out the main ideas or concepts in your topic. When you are constructing a search plan you ignore task words and focus only on the main concepts. The task words tell you what you have to do (eg compare, analyse etc), not what you must search for.
Example concepts
• residential aged care facility
• bone density conservation agents
• balance strengthening
• reduced falls
Alternative keywords
Once you have identified your main concepts or ideas, you need to think of other words or phrases that could also be used as search terms, for example when looking for non-prescription I could look for over the counter (phrase) or specific medications such as paracetamol or aspirin.
Example keywords
• residential aged care facility, nursing home
• bone density conservation agents, vitamin D supplements
• balance strengthening, muscle strengthening, sit to stand, gait retraining, tai chi
• reduced falls, fewer falls
Truncation and wildcards
Using truncation will save you time and typing. When you have keywords that are essentially the same because the only difference is the word endings then most databases will provide a truncation symbol which is usually, but not always an asterisk (*).
To use the truncation symbol, you take a word back to where the ending will change and replace it with the asterisk. For example if I wanted to find the various endings for the word activity then I would use the stem (activ) and then the asterisk – activ*. The database will then retrieve all words that begin with activ, that is – activity, activities, activate, actively and so on.
Another useful way of making your searches more relevant is to use phrase searching. Some databases will automatically look for two or more words as a phrase. For example, in Medline you would type self medication and the database will search for the two words as a phrase. In Scopus, however, you would put double quotes around the phrase e.g. “self medication” to ensure the two words are searched together.
For more information take a look at the Save time searching databases with truncation/wildcards and phrases guide.
Putting it all together
Putting it all together simply means coming up with a search statement (what you actually type into the database search box/es). So, if you use the keywords identified above, together with double quotes for phrases, truncation where relevant (you do not need to truncate every word), and combine using AND/OR then you could use the following search statements:
“residential aged care facility” OR “nursing home*”
AND
“bone density conservation agent*” OR” vitamin D supplement*”
AND
“balance strengthening” OR “muscle strengthening” OR “sit to stand” OR “gait retraining” OR “tai chi”
AND
“reduced falls” OR “fewer falls”
Limiting
Limits (also known as refining or delimiters) should be applied after you have run your search. They will:
• retrieve fewer but more relevant results
• vary in each database
Some useful limits include:
• Publication year/ date range
• Language e.g. limit to English only
• Peer reviewed
• Subject
Limiting to full text is NOT recommended because you limit to the full text found only in the database you are searching – articles that can be found in full text in other databases will not be retrieved. If you do this, you may miss important, relevant articles.
Example limits

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