homework 312

Answer all questions fully. Answers shall summarize the requested information in a readable format where applicable. Fully cite your source of information at the beginning of the assignment, then explain in your own words the requested information as applicable. All work must be your own, sharing of work is a violation of academic integrity. Neatness (spelling, grammar and appearance) counts.

Short Answer (1 point)

1. Name the three legacy code organizations.

2. Before a model code can be enforced within a jurisdiction, it must be ______ by the governing body.

3. Changes to the model building and fire prevention codes are voted on by __________.

4. The fundamental power of the state to place restraints upon personal freedoms and property rights is called _______.

5. Name two methods of code adoption.

6. A uniform code that is adopted at the state level and that cannot be amended by local governments is called a ________ code.

7. Which amendment to the United States Constitution is the basis for the promulgation

and enforcement of building and fire prevention regulations by state and local governments?

8. What umbrella organization was organized by the model code groups to facilitate the development of the international building and fire prevention codes?

9. What legal principle states that local governments have only those powers conferred by charter or state statute?

10. The right of entry to inspect a premises is limited by the ______ Amendment to the Constitution.

11. When denied entry to perform an inspection, what remedy is available to the fire prevention bureau?

12. The use of the term _____ indicates that a provision is mandatory, and discretion on the part of the fire official is not allowed.

13. Which of the following causative factors cannot be controlled or altered? Justify your answer.

a. Public indifference

b. Construction type and material

c. Weather

d. Firebreak maintenance

14. What group was responsible for forming the National Fire Protection Association and what was the original mission?

Discussion Questions (2 points)

1. What was a fundamental difference between the process used by the National Board of Fire Underwriters (NFBU) in the development of their codes and that used by the model code groups today?

2. Acceptable risk is the term used to describe the level of fire risk that the general public is willing to bear at a given time. In the aftermath of a well-publicized fire incident, the level of acceptable risk changes, and the public demands action. List some recent fire events that have sparked a public outcry and discuss what steps were taken in response to public demand.

3. NFPA 58, Standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases, is adopted by reference by the

a. If there is a conflict between the model code and referenced standard, which provision should be applied?

b. If a condition is not addressed within the model code or within the referenced standard, what are the fire official’s sources for guidance?