Discuss the notion of artificial intelligence suggested by Turing (1950) and the refutation argument proposed by Searle (1980).
Explain Turings article explaining his idea about artificial intelligence the study/studies he does (the imitation game turing test) including the methods and procedures he used and conclusions he made (Any output that is human-like is intelligent if not it is not intelligent enough mentioning soft/hard artificial intelligence) Then present the refutation by Searle (1980) regarding artificial intelligence (It is about meaning not just the output).
The two articles are:
Turing A.M. (1950). Computing machinery and intelligence. Mind 59 433-460.
Searle John. R. (1980) Minds brains and programs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3): 417-457