Research Paper, Nursing Defining the roles and applications of managment funtions used by today’s heatlh care managers Research Paper, Nursing
Defining the roles and applications of management functions used by today’s health care managers
The health care system integrates specialists from different fields who work together to attain a common objective of guranteeing patients of their health. The health care management is at the centre of ensuring that this objective is attained in the most efficient and effective way. In health care set up, the management performs four main functions. The functions of the management are organizing, planning, directing, coordinating and budgeting. These roles of the management are discussed below in relation to health care institution. Discussion
Planning acts as one of the key roles of the management in health care institution. The manager makes the major strategic decisions of the in the hospital. When formulating the strategic plan the health care manager analyses both the internal and external factors that may affect the hospital’s performance (Langabeer, 2008). SWOT analysis of the organization is the most used tool for analysing the institution such as hospital. This involves the analysis of the strength, weakness, opportunities and the threats that the hospital is predisposed to and designing strategies of enhancing hospital performance is made better. When making the plans, the health care management starts by setting the objectives that they want to achieve, they develop the premise of the plan, set the plan period and limitations, formulate policies and strategies then appraise the feasibility of the plans before its implementation (McConnell, 2012). Some of the plans made by health care manager includes, expanding the services of the hospital, recruiting new staffs and opening new hospital branches.
Organization is another important role of the management. Organization deals with organizing the resources in the hospital to ensure that they are used for the common good of the health institution (McConnell, 2012). Organization includes such roles as determine the management structure of the health centre and sub- dividing the health care centre into different divisions. The manager also ensures that the hospital staffs are harmonized. Management also achieves the reduction of the cost by eliminating all the unnecessary expenditures. In the health care institution the managers organizing roles is used in defining activities and jobs, distributing activities and balancing the responsibility and authority.
The heath care managers play the directing role as one of their daily responsibility . Directing involves ensuring that all the members of the staff in the hospital have subordinated all their interest to that of the hospital (Lussier, 2015). Directing is executed through issuing command for actions to be done, motivating the staff to do some tasks and offering leadership within the institution. Heath care manager acts as the main source of guidance to the entire heath centre in the attainment of the centres mission and vision. Control function of the management ensures that duties are done correctly within the heath care centre. The manager establishes the performance standards that are in line with the hospital objectives. After formulating the standards, the manager then evaluates the job performance for hospital staffs. The poor performance of the hospital staff is rewarded by set punishment while good performance is rewarded by the set privileges (Lussier, 2015).
Management plays a very crucial role in any organization. Other than executing their four main roles, the management acts as the role models within the institution. A health acre manager ensures that the hospitals maintain the ethical practice. They also ensure that the hospital attendants are qualified to do they work. In brief, the diversity in the health care set up creates a coordination gap that can only be filled by the proper execution of management functions.
Langabeer, J. (2008). Health care operations management : a quantitative approach to business and logistics. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Lussier, R. (2015). Management fundamentals : concepts, applications, & skill development. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE.
McConnell, C. (2012). The effective health care supervisor. Burlington, Mass: Jones & Bartlett Learning